We build enduring relationships with our clients
Citrus have provided social and environmental support for our clients for more than a decade, often receiving requests for help from those we have worked with from the beginning. Our clients come from a broad range of sectors including infrastructure, natural resources, energy, manufacturing and finance.
Specialising in the developing markets of Africa, Asia, South America, Europe and the Middle East, our operating model is to provide senior resources on a flexible basis to support environmental, social and governance teams client-side. We structure our teams in the most cost effective way, with a blend of senior in-house resources supported by external technical experts.
Health Impact Assessment (HIA) for the Jazan Economic City for Saudi Aramco, Saudi Arabia
Citrus is currently undertaking a Health Impact Assessment (HIA) of the Jazan Economic City in alignment with the national goals for growth, industry and quality of life for the wider region of the West coast of Saudi Arabia.
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) update for Galichica national Park on behalf of EBRD, Macedonia
Citrus revised an SEA originally undertaken to assess the effects of 5 proposed schemes on the Galichica National Park Management Plan on behalf of EBRD. Citrus is revising the SEA and Management Plan to meet the EU SEA Directive 2001/42/EC and this includes comparison against national requirements, EBRD PRs (2008) and other European Union (EU) legislation; Citrus provided a framework for development plans, including the criteria to scope and assess future developments and contribute to the overall decision making process, which will shape the long term vision and objectives for the National Park. Citrus will also provide a process for stakeholders, particularly local residents affected by any developments, to participate in the strategic and management planning process of the national park in the future.
BG Group Environmental and Social impact Assessment (ESIA) for Offshore Exploration Close to Marine Protected Areas, Kenya
Citrus was commissioned to provide environmental and social consulting support to BG regarding permitting requirements for offshore oil and gas exploration in the Indian Ocean, off the coastline of Kenya. Several marine protected areas lie off the coastline, and the exploration area is frequented by a number of marine mammals including those of conservation significance. Citrus worked with BG to gather baseline data on the ecological resources and to identify the risks to biodiversity. Citrus then developed plans for BG to mitigate the risks and monitoring the ecological impacts during exploration.
Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) of Juhayna Food Industries for EBRD, Egypt
Citrus worked with the Environment and Development Group (EDG, Egypt) to carry out an Environmental and Social Due Diligence and Gender Review of the Juhayna Food Industries Company, in Egypt. Juhayna is a leading producer of dairy produce in the Middle East. The assignment was conducted for EBRD which was preparing to issue a financing package for upgrading the facilities. The work involved the on-site audit of the production plants close to Cairo, and the development of an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP), and a project-specific Gender Review and plan, along with a Non-Technical Summary (NTS) to meet EBRD’s Environmental & Social Policy and Performance Requirements (May 2008), relevant EU environmental and social Directives, EU BAT and international best practices, in addition to Egyptian legislation and standards. The outputs were approved by EBRD.
Environmental and Social Due Diligence Training of EBRD’s Financial Intermediaries
Citrus delivered training assignments for EBRD as part of a two-year framework with the Bank. The training was delivered to EBRD’s Financial Intermediaries (FI) and focuses on building awareness of environmental and social issues as well as focusing on specific EBRD procedures which are required in order to identify, understand and manage environmental and social impacts in the FI's loan approval and monitoring processes. The training takes the form of workshops with senior management in the FI and practical implementation training with credit analysts and risk functions. In-depth awareness of EBRD’s Performance Requirements is central to the training. Citrus recently delivered training to two banks in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) of PICO Modern Agricultural Company for EBRD, Egypt
Citrus worked with the Environment and Development Group (EDG, Egypt) to carry out an Environmental and Social Due Diligence of the Modern Agricultural Company (PICO), in Egypt. PICO is a leading producer and exporter of quality fruit and vegetables in Egypt, exporting to supermarkets in Europe and the Gulf. The assignment was conducted for EBRD which was preparing to issue a financing package of 10 million euros to upgrade the facilities on three of its farms in the Nile Delta. The work involved the on-site audit of the three farms in the Nile Delta, and the development of an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) and a project-specific Stakeholder Engagement Plan (SEP), along with a Non-Technical Summary (NTS) to meet EBRD’s Environmental & Social Policy and Performance Requirements (May 2008), relevant EU environmental and social Directives, EU BAT and international best practices, in addition to Egyptian legislation and standards. The outputs were approved by EBRD.
Öksüt Gold Project Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) and Management System, Turkey
Citrus provided environmental and social consulting support to OMAS/Centerra, including the preparation of an ESIA, associated management plans and an implementable environmental and social management system (ESMS) to meet EBRD Performance Requirements for the $220 million (capital expenditure) Project. Citrus supported OMAS/Centerra from the Project’s early stages, identifying gaps with good international industry practice, managing additional studies, advising on lender requirements and guiding the Project through their discussion with Lenders.
Land Access Function Support for Tullow Oil, Kenya
Citrus was commissioned by Tullow Oil to develop and implement IFC compliant land access and acquisition procedures as part of a major oil exploration programme in Kenya, including legislative framework review, gap analysis between national legislation and IFC PS 5 requirements on land acquisition, stakeholder engagement, land access compensation frameworks, Resettlement Action Plans (RAP) and Livelihood Restoration Plans (LRP) and Government permitting. The work relates to community land and private land, and to temporary, short-term and longer term land access, including pipelines, roads, well pads and in-field infrastructure. Also development of community benefits package linked to land access, community benefits sharing and Social Investment projects to support livelihood restoration in areas such as employment, water, health, livestock veterinary services, education and local content / supply chains. Citrus is also supporting the recruitment and training of a permanent in-house land access team within the client.
Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) for an Offshore Seismic Programme for BG Group, Uruguay
ESIA developed to support the permitting for an offshore seismic campaign and submissions to DINAMA and to meet BG internal requirements. This included consultation with stakeholders, liaison with national permitting authorities and client dialogue to ensure that the interests of all project stakeholders were addressed. Marine mammal baseline studies are being undertaken along with the identification of other sensitive environmental receptors.
Management Plans and Procedures for Hess Shakrock and Dinarta Blocks, Iraq
Citrus worked with Hess to develop an understanding of social impacts and risks associated with its Dinarta and Shakrok exploration activities in Kurdistan, in support of the permitting processes. Citrus visited the exploration area and reviewed the risks and likely impacts, and worked with Hess to develop pragmatic management measures to address the risks. The exploration area was located in a mountainous region of Kurdistan where, although no internationally protected areas or cultural heritage sites exist, a number of features and resources were important to local tribes and communities. A process of stakeholder engagement was designed to allow the importance of each site to be agreed, together with agreed mechanisms whereby Hess could manage the risks to the site.
Social Closure Plans of the Tulawaka Gold Mine for African Barrick Gold (ABG), Tanzania
Citrus worked closely with ABG in preparing the mine closure plan for the Tulawaka Gold Mine in Tanzania, focusing on the social aspects of mine closure. In line with Tanzanian Government mining regulations, ABG was required to prepare a mine closure plan that sets out a plan for the reclamation and rehabilitation of land and a programme of actions to provide alternative livelihoods for local communities beyond the mine life.
Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) and Environmental Appraisal of Tivat Airport, EBRD, Montenegro
Citrus was appointed by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to conduct an Environmental and Social Due Diligence (ESDD) and Environmental Appraisal of the Tivat Airport Modernisation Programme, Montenegro. The programme involves the expansion and upgrade of existing airport facilities including the passenger terminal, parking areas, runway apron and access roads. Current operations were assessed against applicable local, national and regional requirements, including those related to Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA), land acquisition and permitting requirements in addition to compliance with EBRD’s ESP (2014) and incorporated Performance Requirements (PRs), and relevant European Union (EU) standards. The airport is located in an area of significant natural beauty, combined with proximity to a wetland of international important (Ramsar) and a series of islands associated with unique cultural heritage. Citrus performed a comprehensive Gap Analysis and prepared an Environmental and Social Action Plan (ESAP) to bring current operations into compliance with the stated standards. In addition, Citrus assessed the likely impacts (including significance) of the modernisation programme.